The laws of war state an attacker must attempt to distinguish between military targets and civilians and their property.
By Frank Smyth Attitudes toward international humanitarian norms and law by the belligerents in the ...
Any military advantage must be “justified” or “necessary” by its collateral damage.
Both sides must distinguish between the civilian population and combatants and direct their operations only against military objectives.
Certain people and places should be protected and respected during wartime.
My Lai was perhaps the most infamous, if not necessarily the most egregious.